Annotated Bibliography


Carter, Prudence; Skibu, Russell; Arredondo, Moriella & Pollock, Mica (2014)

You Can’t Fix What You Don’t Look At: Acknowledging Race in Addressing Racial Discipline Disparities

This article addresses how race can class has been ignored as a key component is equity in closing the “achievement gap,.” Moriella, Russell & Prudence unpack the school to prison pipeline through a historical overview of segregation in America. They also provide recommendations for professional development to address micro-aggressions and implicit bias to reduce and gradually eradicate the discipline disparities.


Dush, Claire Kamp (2016) Fighting Back: Implicit Bias, Micro-aggressions & Micro-resistance.

The Ohio State University.

In this article Claire Dush defines an reflects on personal micro - aggressions and implicit bias as the perpetrator of a privileged group. She also provides resources for micro resistance to combat homogenous white supremacist attitudes in the educational field.


Emdin, Christopher (2016) Why Black Men Are Quitting Teaching. The New York Times.

Retrieved from


In this article Christopher discusses the challenging that black men are facing in the educational system as teachers. He asserts this is not only a recruitment retention issue but illuminates the lack of effective racial literate teacher preparation.


Greenburg, Jon (2015) Your Local Public School is failing at Addressing Racism – Here are 3 Ways How. Every Feminism Magazine


In this article Jon Greenburg passionately argues three ways schools are failing in addressing racism. The three ways includes: public schools sanitize the history of the struggles of marginalized groups, public schools relegate the study of race to history, and public schools allow white people to dictate the curriculum, and shut down the study of race. He also provides strategies of resistance by advocating for ethnic studies as a central focus in school curriculum.


Herring, Lisa Nicole (2007) First African American Female Superintendent in Georgia: Reflections from the Field to the Forefront. Electronic Thesis &

Dissertation. 261


This qualitative research study investigates = Mrs. Beauty Poole Baldwin’s journey to her superintendency. It serves as a great resource for women of color to overcome the barriers in upward mobility to to leadership roles. Her networking and educational strategies and skills are detailed to inspire and support aspiring superintendents who will confront a white male dominated occupation.


Hooks, Bell (1999) Teaching to Transgress: Education as the Practice of Freedom. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group ISBN 0-415-9087-8


If you believe that education is the path to freedom as stated by Frederick Douglass - then you have to read Bell Hooks teaching to Transgress. This book explores engaged pedagogy that acknowledges the histories and narratives educators and students bring into the classroom and how that informs their understanding of all content areas. It asks for educators and students to think critically and  Teaching to transgress allows students to engage genuinely across differences in aims to transgress against oppressive systems and thinking that supports racism, sexism and classism. She talks about the way to implement a social justice framework in response to the new trend toward multiculturalism in the classroom - critically.


Lewis, Pamela (2016) Teaching While Black: A New Voice on Race and Education. Fordham University Press


This book is written by an African American Teacher from Bronx, New York. She shares her narrative about her journal into the teaching profession and her trials and triumphs. In her reflections she provides insights into the bureaucratic and oppressive systems within the public school system that drove her out of the classroom. This heartfelt narrative will allows teachers of color to hold up a mirror to their contempt about the teaching profession. This book was water to my weary spirit.  

Toppo, Greg & Nichols Mark (2017) Decades after Civil Rights Gains, Black Teachers A Rarity in Public Schools.

This articles denotes the disproportionate representation of teachers to the student population. Mark and Greg reflect on the lack of progression in integrating our school system since the Civil Rights movement.